Schools can help students to perform supportive roles in a school. These include:
- Peer mediation: Assisting in resolving disputes when student in conflict both want help from a trained peer mediator.
- Buddy schemes Volunteering students are assigned to help individual children identified as vulnerable, often children who are new to a school.
- Peer mentoring: Providing support for the emotional and/or academic needs of younger children
- Cyber mentoring: Providing support for students who are concerned about risks in using cyber technology or problems they have encountered in using it.
- Peer listening: Giving a sympathetic ear to younger students who are troubled
- Bystander training: Acting appropriately as a bystander in stopping bullying
- Circle of friends: A group of students who have agreed to take steps to help a student who is having a hard time
These roles may overlap and students may be involved in performing more than one.
For an account of their nature and effectiveness see Thompson and Smith at www.education.gov.uk/publications/eOrderingDownload/DFE-RR098.pdf